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Environmental Impact

With climate change becoming a crisis, the extent ofenvironmental pollution and the decrease in biodiversity due to the loss of natural habitats proves that the recent steps taken in service of environmental protection remain insufficient. An increase in human population and the use of high energyconsuming technologies greatly affect this situation. In addition to the measures taken by states and individuals, the private sector has a great responsibility in achieving environmental sustainability.

The activities performed as part of electricity distribution business, such as construction of new power lines, may be associated with environmental and social impacts. From an environmental perspective, as power lines under 154 kV are not covered under Annex 1 and Annex 2 of the national Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Regulation, operations of the electricity distribution companies are not subject to national EIA Regulation. Therefore, environmental impacts associated with the construction of new power lines is regarded as limited. In that respect, we have obtained “EIA out of scope” opinion letter from Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (MoEU) for electricity distribution lines, operations and installed facilities o Başkent EDAŞ, Toroslar EDAŞ and AYEDAŞ on 02.02.2017, 06.02.2017 and 06.02.2017, respectively.

The environmental management across our distribution companies is carried out through the certified ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management System. We were audited by TÜV NORD Technical Control and Assessment Inc. within the scope of ISO 14001:2015 Management System 4 for 3 regions in 2019 and the audit did not indicate any non-compliances.

We act with respect and responsibility for the environment in all our activities. We focus on reducing the harmful effects of our activities on the environment by continuously improving our environmental performance. Accordingly, in 2019, we revised our Environmental Policy in line with our environmental sustainability goals and included topics such as resource efficiency, air and water emissions, climate change mitigation and biodiversity in our policy.

In 2019, environmental investments and expenditures in the distribution companies amounted to TL 933,000. One third of this amount is devoted to investments in Hazardous Waste Storage Sites. Other expenditures were made for the supply of environmental protection materials in three regions. In 2019, Enerjisa’s consolidated environmental investments and expenditures totaled TL 1,307,762. No environmental award or penalty was received in 2019.

Meanwhile, our cooperation with international institutions such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for loan and bond processes, as well as our intention to meet the ESG requirements of institutional investors keep us up to date and help to improve our environmental impact approach. In this respect, we have developed our Environmental and Social Action Plan as follows:


The private sector has a significant responsibility in addressing climate change. Extreme weather conditions and rising average temperatures pose direct risks to the energy distribution industry. Increasing energy diversity by including renewables in distribution network, improving the efficiency of power transfer and spreading smart networks and energy storage systems present opportunities for our sector.

At Enerjisa Enerji we are aware of our role in combating climate change. We aim to decrease our direct and indirect environmental impact and carbon emissions and increase our energy efficiency in all processes, as we deliver energy to consumers. Our greenhouse gas emissions in 2019 stood at 39.945 tons. We reduced our greenhouse gas intensity per unit of revenue by 30% compared to 2017 levels.

We regularly monitor energy consumption and carbon emissions, support efficiency-improving initiatives and strive to decrease our environmental impact of all types under 3 scopes.

  • Monitoring of Natural Resource Consumption: We define our annual energy consumption reduction targets based on the location-specific ISO 14001 Environmental Management System by effectively monitoring the electricity, water and fuel consumption in our buildings. Consequently, we aim to reduce our air emissions and greenhouse gas emissions
3 scopes according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol which is the most widely used framework that helps to identify, calculate and report (GHG) emissions are as follows:

SCOPE 1 emissions covers all direct GHG emissions, coming from sources that are owned or controlled by the company, such as fuel combustion, company vehicles and fugitive emissions. We monitor our Scope 1 emissions through ISO14001 Environmental Management System and participate in project aiming to reduce the direct use of SF6 gases.

  • The Climate Project on the Use of SF6 Gases in the Electricity Sector: We participated in the Climate Project on the Use of SF6 Gases in th Electricity Sector, a project which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prevent SF6-induced climate change effects. This project is financed by the European Union and run by the Waste Paper and Recyclers Association (AGED) and the Association of Distribution System Operators (ELDER). With this project, we aim to establish a framework that complies with the Regulation on Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases to monitor and recycle SF6 gas, a greenhouse gas widely used in the electricity sector.

SCOPE 2 accounts for indirect GHG emissions from consumption of purchased electricity, heat or steam. Through the purchase of renewable energy, we aim to offset Scope 2 emissions, our indirect emissions. Since 2017 we reduced our Scope 2 emissions 18%.

  • Renewable Energy Use: In 2019, with I-REC, one of the international renewable energy certificates, we met 989 MWh of our electricity consumption from renewable energy and reduced carbon emissions from electricity consumption. Starting from 2020, we aim to use renewable energy fully in our own premises, starting with pilot buildings.
SCOPE 3 emissions covers other indirect emissions from sources that are not owned and not directly controlled by the company such as waste disposal, business travel and purchased goods and services. We identified, calculated and reported our Scope 3 emissions for the first time in 2019. We aim to develop project and programs which will reduce GHG emissions in our value chain.

  • Smart Grids: Through pilot projects, we examine the grids which are installed compatible with the renewable energy systems oriented for future energy infrastructure and energy storage systems. Electricity public transportation and charging infrastructure are managed in an integrated way. With these pilot projects, we aim to provide significant advantages in terms of energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission reductions. Additionally, through the studies on the smart electricity meters and automatic electricity meter readings, we aim to prevent the loss of energy caused from faulty electricity meters.
  • The HASAT Project: In cooperation with the Association of Distribution System Operators (ELDER) and participation with other Electricity Distribution Companies (EDAŞ), we launched the HASAT project to develop innovative practices and methodologies that will increase energy efficiency in the electric distribution industry and create a roadmap for energy efficiency. With this project, we aim to determine infrastructural and systematic improvements and develop practices that will encourage customers to use energy more efficiently.
  • Green Energy Tariff: We took an important step in procurement and sale of green energy, which has been certified by internationally accredited institutions and introduced green energy products in the last quarter of 2019. With the Green Energy Tariff products, our users will have the opportunity to reduce or neutralize the greenhouse gas emissions generated due to their electricity consumption. In this scope, we provide 2 products:

    Carbon Reduction Certificate which is a standardized and tradable credit expressed in terms of metric tons of CO2 and claimed by a real or legal person (a business/ power plant that generates energy from renewable energy sources).

Renewable Energy Certificate, a market-based tool that represents the proprietary rights of environmental, social and other non-power qualities orenewable electricity generation. It certifies that each 1-MWh unit of energy has been generated from a renewable energy source and delivered to the grid.

  • Energy Performance Model: In 2019, we began a new cooperation with the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB) to address climate change. We implemented the Energy Performance Model, aiming to achieve energy efficiency, at the TOBB ETU Hospital in Ankara. This model covers the replacement of old lighting products with more efficient LED lights and their maintenance during the contract term. Consequently, the institution will save 1.6 million kWh of electrical energy per year which corresponds to TL 383,000. We predict that thewidespread use of the model, which is in line with the 2017–2023 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan, will also contribute to the national economy.
  • Beni Al (Give Me a Lift) Practice: We achieved fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission reduction by supporting car-pooling through the Beni Al (Give Me a Lift) Practice which is one of the nominees of the competition staged to reward achievements of Sabancı Group companies and employees and encourage sharing best practices.

We focus our efforts to resource and energy efficiency and we execute notable projects.

  • Reuse Malfunctioned or Demounted Grid Materials: Malfunctioned materials used as part of the electrical grid operations, such as transformers, are evaluated through Material Quality Control processes. We have invested TL 500,000 for the material quality control and repair equipment which enables us to decide whether the demounted and malfunctioned grid materials delivered to the Recycling Test Centre can be reused. Significant gains have been achieved in terms of both resource utilization and waste generation thanks to these investments.
  • Reuse & Recycling of Materials: It is critical for us to reuse or recycle all kind of materials like cables, poles, panels, cutters, fuses, meters and network materials. It is managed in accordance to the Waste Management Regulation of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization considering the waste types, codes and hierarchy. Recycling, recovery and final disposal processes are managed in a holistic manner within the scope of our waste agreements with EKOVAR Çevre Geri Dönüşüm A.Ş. in TOROSLAR and BAŞKENT, AKADEMİ Çevre Entegre Atık Yönetimi Endüstri A.Ş. in AYEDAŞ. Recycling and recycling of all kinds of waste materials with economical value and technically possible are carried out within this scope.
  • New Connection Digitalization Project: In 2020, we will speed up the New Connection Digitalization Project which will eliminate paper waste by digitalizing the new connection requests. As a result, we will prevent the use of 7.5 million A4-size paper sheets and save 750 trees each year.


Feeling a strong sense of responsibility towards the environment, we manage waste in accordance with the applicable legislation, international standards, OHS and Environmental Policies. We take measures to prevent the domestic, industrial, hazardous and non-hazardous waste from our operations at the source and implement measures to improve reducing and recycling.

We have prepared the Waste Management Procedure within the scope of ISO 14001:2015 Environmental Management System for the identification of the methods to be applied for reduction, collection, transportation, storage, recycle and/or final disposal of domestic, hazardous and non-hazardous wastes generated from the activities and operations of electricity distribution companies in line with the provisions of relevant national legislation.

The hazardous and non-hazardous wastes generated from electricity distribution operations are transferred to licensed waste management facilities from the temporary waste storage areas established in Logistics Service Centers. In accordance with the Waste Management Procedure, we have made necessary agreements with licensed waste management facilities in three distribution regions for the management of hazardous and nonhazardous wastes.

We also ensure that legally required Hazardous Substances and Hazardous Waste Financial Liability Insurances for all storage areas where the hazardous wastes are temporarily stored is renewed on annual basis before expiry. We have obtained Temporary Waste Storage Permit for 5 Hazardous Waste Temporary Storage Areas. For rest of 3 , permit application process is ongoing.

Our waste management approach can be summarized as follows:

  • Hazardous Waste Management: We aim to reduce the environmental impact of our operations and recycle waste back into the circular economy by leveraging the life cycle approach. We ensure the proper collection and recycling of the grid waste from our operations and reduce the amount of waste by recycling suitable materials restored from the grid waste, which first undergoes the Material Quality Control and Recycling Test Center processes. We store the hazardous waste in compliance with legislation and dispose them with the help of licensed recycling companies.
  • Non-Hazardous Waste Management: In line with the Zero Waste goal, we have installed recycling bins in our headquarter buildings, to ensure the accurate and easy separation of waste.
  • Domestic and recyclable wastes are sent to the relevant Municipalities and authorized companies of the relevant Municipalities or licensed waste management facilities, respectively. Waste vegetable oils generated from catering services of contractor activities were sent to licensed companies for disposal in line with the Waste Oil Control Regulation. We continue to undertake awareness-raising activities within the Company to prevent waste from disposable plastic, paper and similar materials. In addition we participated in the Business Plastic Initiative which was founded in collaboration with Global Compact Turkey, Turkish Industry and Business Association (TÜSİAD) and the Business Council for Sustainable Development Turkey (BCSD Turkey) and we have set our targets for 2021.


We manage the operation of an extensive electrical grid covering a wide geographical area. The electrical grid and its associated impact area (e.g., right of way construction, repair and maintenance activities, operation of the grid itself, etc.) inevitably overlap with areas of high ecological importance designated as Ramsar sites, national parks and various nature conservation areas in Turkey.

We emphasize the importance of protecting biodiversity, aiming to reduce the potential negative effects of our operations on natural life. In 2019, we included the goals of protecting habitats and natural life in our Environment Policy. When new investments pass through the wildlife development and conservation areas, we prepare Ecosystem Assessment Reports and take measures to reduce the environmental impact of our investments in accordance with the applicable legislation.

Turkey is located on two major bird migration routes in the world makes it an important feeding and breeding area for birds. In addition to the presence of protected areas in the distribution regions, the electrical grid operated by AYEDAŞ, Toroslar EDAŞ and Başkent EDAŞ also intersects with important flyways of soaring birds.

The projects we carry out under protecting biodiversity are as follows:

  • Daphne Project: Trees under the power transmission lines can cause outages and fires by physically contacting the lines after the installation. Energy transmission lines are cleaned from vegetation in a certain cross-section in accordance with the relevant regulations. When necessary, trees are removed from the area by cutting or pruning. However, this process has an important ecological and financial impact

With the project, we aimed to ensure line security and prevent possible fires by planting suitable tree species instead of underline cutting or pruning. Thus, we aimed not only to ensure the safety of the distribution line, but also to protect the sustainability of nature and the environment. Thus, malfunctions and losses caused by trees in energy distribution lines will be reduced, long-term power cuts will be prevented, loss costs will be reduced and the balance and ecological conditions of nature will be preserved.

We primarily focused on choosing a tree species with high added value and economical return. After completing a thorough research, we decided that the Daphne species was the most suitable option. Within the scope of the project, 5,500 saplings were planted in the area determined in Bartın province. This project has various direct and indirect results, such as decreasing the workload of maintenance teams, preventing possible accidents, reducing the repairing cost and decreasing energy losses.

  • High Voltage Aerial Line Insulation Project: Birds, particularly migratory birds, face the risk of electrocution as they commonly perch on utility poles and nest or enter between two conductors. These kinds of interactions often lead to fatality for birds. Within the scope of the High Voltage Aerial Line Insulation Project, which started at the end of 2017, several existing power lines have been retrofitted by the installation of insulators. The investments made to date and 2020 budget is as follows:

  • Bird Deterrent: To protect birds, we have begun covering the conductors situated on migration routes or considered risky for birds with insulation materials. We installed Bird Deterrent devices on a chosen line in Adana and began monitoring its functioning. With this project, we aim to protect both bird populations and biodiversity in the region.
  • Bird Diverter: We have also started a pilot project to install Bird Diverters along selected sections of aerial lines to minimize bird mortalities due to electrocution and collision.
Furthermore, according to our Environmental Policy, Sustainability Commitment and Environmental and Social Action Plan, Ecosystem Risk Assessment has been performed and Biodiversity Action Plan has been prepared based on findings. Within the scope of these studies, the following actions have been identified;

  • Ecosystem variety and characteristics within our distribution regions to be defined,
  • Habitat types, vulnerability, rarity and conservation status to be identified,
  • Potential impacts of electricity distribution activities on ecosystem and related habitat to be assessed,
  • Action Plan to manage and monitor the mitigation actions to be prepared.
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